S.A Model Farm
SA Model Farm is a family-run agricultural farm. Agricultural farming is Pakistan's largest economic activity. Agricultural products, especially cotton, and rice, are important exports, although there is agricultural activity in all areas of Pakistan, most crops are grown in the Indus River plain in Punjab and Sindh. Our agricultural farm is in the green zone of Pakistan with rich soil in District Rahim Yar Khan, Province of Punjab. Our crops include Sugar Cane, Cotton, Wheat and Mangoes.
Precision agriculture (PA) is the act of managing different land variables using latest technology such as global positioning systems (GPS), geographic information systems (GIS), remote sensing (RS) and yield mapping. Adoption of PA practices can improve the efficiency and profitability of farming operations to a great extent. Our engineering team under the supervision of foreign consultants are making full use of these techniques to achieve higher yield at lower costs.
- Sugar Cane
- Mangoes -Chaunsa
- Jaggery (Gur)
At S. A. Model Farm we specialize in making Jaggery which is also known as Gur in the native language. Historically, the sugar cane cultivators used crushers which were ox-driven. Nowadays all the crushers are power-driven. These crushers are located in fields near the sugar crop. The cut and cleaned sugar cane is put into the crusher. The extracted sugar cane juice is collected in a big vessel. A certain quantity of the juice is transferred to a smaller vessel for heating on a furnace.
The vessel is heated for about one hour. Dried wood pulp from the crushed sugar cane is used as fuel for the furnace. While boiling the juice, some lime is added to it so that all the wood particles are collected on top of the juice in a froth during boiling which is skimmed off. Finally the juice is thickened and reduced to nearly one- third of the original volume. This hot liquid is golden in color. It is stirred continuously and lifted with a spatula to observe whether it forms a thread or drips dropwise while falling. If it forms many threads, it has completely thickened. Now it is poured into a shallow flat bottomed concrete tank to cool and solidify. The tank is large enough to allow only a thin coat of this hot liquid to form at its bottom, so as to increase the surface area for quick evaporation and cooling. After cooling down the jaggery becomes a soft solid which is now pressed into the desired shape for selling at the market.
The quality of the jaggery is judged by its color; brown means it is higher in impurities and golden-yellow implies it is relatively pure. Due to this grading scale there are malpractices of adding color or harmful chemicals to simulate the golden color.